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PCOD PCOS Symptoms

PCOD Problem

PCOD Problem

It is not a common word or term which you will hear from every woman, but a woman having a PCOD problem will be shy to tell everything, even to their doctor due to reproductive issues. According to the latest report, it is found that Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a type of health problem which is affecting almost 1 in 10 childbearing aged women that is (15 years to 44 years).

Women may face infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods by which ovaries can develop an end number of tiny fluids. As a result, the release of the egg will not take place. But if you ask the exact cause of the PCOD problem, it is still unknown.

What are the organs which are affected by PCOD Problem?

Mainly, a woman’s reproductive organs in the ovary are affected by it, which helps in producing estrogen and progesterone hormones. These are the main hormones that help in regulating the menstrual cycle in women. 

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome symptoms affect the ovaries and ovulation. Actually, this condition of PCOS is not new as Italian Physician Antonio Vallisneri explained it in 1712. 

What are the causes of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Symptoms?

The exact causes of PCOD are unknown and many experts are trying to find out the main issue behind it. But there are a few factors which play a vital role in its development. They are: –

  1. Heredity

PCOD ProblemGenetically, there can be certain kinds of genes that cause or are linked to PCOS.

2. Low-grade inflammation

When the production of white blood cells is low, the body’s power to fight against infection becomes low. 

3. Excessive insulin

Insulin is a type of hormone which is produced in the pancreas by which cells use sugar which is the principal energy providing substance. As a result, if the cells get used to insulin, then the level of blood sugar will rise and the body eventually, generates more insulin. This process surges the production of androgen by which the ovulation issue can occur.

4. Surplus androgen

When a woman’s ovary produces an excess of androgen, then acne and hirsutism will also increase.

 

Who are the women who get PCOS problem?

Women in the age group of 15 to 44 years, which is the child-bearing age, get this syndrome. The risk of PCOS is on all the women, and it will surge even more when you are obese or any of your near or dear ones like a sister, mother, aunt, etc. are suffering from PCOS.

 

What are the common PCOD and PCOS symptoms?

Few of the women start watching their symptoms when they have their first periods. Others are likely to see when they get obese and are not able to conceive.

Let’s put some light on the common symptoms: –

  1. The hair of the women gets very thin and fall out.
  2. Around 80% of obese women are facing PCOD and PCOS symptoms.
  3. Excess hair growth on the body, but every PCOD woman does not face this symptom.
  4. The lining of the uterine gets build-up for a longer time, which in turn, leads to heavier periods than ever before.
  5. The male hormone in the woman’s body is in excess because of which skin gets oilier as compared to others and can break out on the chest, face, and upper back.
  6. Dark color patches start building upon the woman’s skin near the creases on the neck, in the groin, or near the breasts.
  7. It can even cause headaches in some of the women.

 

PCOS treatment

PCOD Problem

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Till now, the doctors are not able to find any single PCOS solution. But they can manage this condition on the basis of past medical history and physical examination, which is inclusive of a pelvic exam, with the help of blood tests, cholesterol and checking the level of glucose. 

On the other hand, the doctor can also do an ultrasound of the uterus and ovaries.

 

PCOS and pregnancy

PCOD Problem

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

These two terms are closely interrelated to each other as PCOS interrupts the menstrual cycle, which leads to not getting pregnant. According to a report, approximately 70 to 80% of women with PCOS have fertility issues.

But the good part is with the help of infertility treatment, PCOS women too can improve the chances of getting pregnant. For this, they have to lose weight and lower down the blood sugar levels.

There are changes in the near future that experts will find out the PCOS solution with thorough research.

You can also give a try to a natural plant-based supplement; Furocyst. It is clinically evaluated and patented product and has no known side effects. It is a comprehensive solution for managing PCOS symptoms in combination with certain lifestyle changes.

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PCOD PCOS

PCOS and Hypothyroidism

Relation of PCOS and Hypothyroidism

Polycystic ovary syndrome and hypothyroidism are two of the most common diseases among middle-aged women. And the fact is that these both are co-related to each other. Hypothyroidism, an advanced stage of the thyroid is the hidden effect of PCOS. A study says that almost 25 percent of women in the world who are suffering from PCOS have the thyroid condition too, but due to the negligence and lack of knowledge, the disease goes undiagnosed.  

What is thyroid

It is very important to figure out the phenomenon of thyroid before discussing the relation between the two. The thyroid is simply a gland, which is placed on the base of your neck and functionalizes and controls the fastness and slowness of your metabolism. 

If you are suffering from an underactive thyroid, which is popularly pronounced as hypothyroidism, then simply you are dealing with a low rate of metabolism and this will cause high weight gain. It doesn’t matter whether you are on a diet, it will affect your body and it will disturb the process of sex hormones, which leads to infertility. The fact is that infertility and weight gain are also the main symptoms of PCOS. That is why women think all these things are happing because of PCOS and it goes undiagnosed. 

Polycystic ovary syndrome

Dysfunction and imbalance of reproductive hormones are the biggest reasons for PCOS and it is one of the common diseases among the childbearing women. A study says that around 10 to 12 percent of women are suffering from PCOS around the globe. So, do not think that you are the only one.

What are the problems of PCOS?

1) Type 2 diabetes 

2) High cholesterol and blood pressure 

3) Mood swings and depression

4)Sleep apnea 

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism 

1) Hair loss 

2) The slow rate of metabolism 

3) Stress and depression 

4) Muscles weakness and fatigue 

5) The low temperature of the body 

6) Dryness in skin and hair

7) Coldness in feet and hand 

Causes of hypothyroidism 

There are a number of reasons which are responsible for this disease such as, in the United States, a disease called Hashimoto thyroiditis is one of the most specified cause for Hypothyroidism.  

A person who is suffering from Hashimoto’s disease, his/her antibodies attacks the cells of thyroid glands and makes them incapable to function properly. 

1) Post-surgical hypothyroidism 

It refers to the insufficient hormone of the thyroid gland because of the removal of the thyroid part. It is also known as the thyroidectomy.

2) Radiation-induced hypothyroidism 

This occurs because of the Radioactive iodine therapy (RAI) which is being used to treat the thyroid cancer or advanced stage of the thyroid. It happens because of the exposure of head and neck with the radiation treatment.

3) Certain medicines can also be the reason of this disease such as: 

1) Lithium

2) Amiodarone

3) Interferon alpha

4) Interleukin-2

Conclusion:

So, these are various aspects of PCOS and Hypothyroidism and their causes and symptoms. However, you can control this disease with a natural diet and exercises. But if you want some extra aid, then you can take capsules from Furocyst. These capsules can manage all PCOS/PCOD  Symptoms and can be taken in the normal daily routine to provide relief.

 

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food PCOS Symptoms

Can Diet and Exercise Actually Improve PCOS Symptoms?

They say if you want to understand some problem to Improve PCOS Symptoms, then first fathom its severity. That is why we are embracing this article with some core facts and figures of polycystic ovary syndrome which also popularly uttered as PCOS.

 

PCOS Cure

The most advanced and educated states like the U.S are more affected by this disease. Because around 5 million women or we can say that females who are in the childbearing stage, drastically suffer from PCOS. 

And another fact says that over 50 percent of women who have PCOS, will have major diseases like diabetes before crossing the age of 40 and also acquire a greater risk of heart stroke, 4 to 7 percent. 

And the last but not the least, and it is very astonishing too because only 50 or less than 50 percent of women are diagnosed, and the rest are still living their life in the worst condition with PCOS.

Mysticism about PCOS

Most of the women think that they are the only ones who are suffering from PCOS, but the fact is around 10 to 12 percent of women around the globe are suffering and annihilated by these diseases. And the worst part is that only 2 to 3 percent women from the overall percent take the path of medical treatment

What are the greater risk and problems of PCOS?

1) Type 2 diabetes 

This is one of the harmful effects of PCOS. Type 2 diabetes is related to the condition where your body’s blood sugar level will go high.

2) High cholesterol and blood pressure

These are the main reasons for heart stroke and heart severe diseases.

3) Mood swings and depression

Certainly, the PCOS will make you a diffidence person and affect your mood too.

4)Sleep apnea 

This one is one of the most severe and worst symptoms of PCOS because of breathing interruption while sleeping leads to asthma and to major diseases.

 

 

Can Diet and Exercise Actually Improve PCOS Symptoms?

So, the answer would be yes. We have seen that many severe diseases can be mitigated through proper diet and right exercises. That is why we are going to discuss the diet and useful exercise. It will help you to reduce the symptoms of PCOS.

Diets through which you can control and mitigate the PCOS symptoms

Lower glycemic index diet

The lower glycemic index diet is digested more slowly in comparison to other meals. And due to this, the level of insulin also doesn’t go high. This diet includes legumes, seeds, grains, nuts, starchy vegetables, fruits, low-carbohydrate meal, and much more unprocessed food.

Anti-inflammatory diet

As the name suggests, this meal helps to control inflammation. Meal includes meal like fatty fish, berries, and leafy greens and many more.

DASH diet

If you are taking treatment from a health expert or doctor, then he/she will recommend the dietary approaches to stop hypertension. It manages the PCOS symptoms. This diet includes fruits, fish, poultry, low-fat dairy products, and vegetable gratins.

Exercises to cure PCOS

Meditation and exercises are the best way to cure any problem in your life. That is why we are discussing some great workouts through which you can cure the PCOS.

1) Swimming

Swimming is one of the greatest ways to cure or control the PCOS because it is a pure form of aerobic exercise. Through swimming, you can easily manage and maintain the heart rate and also be able to mitigate the stress of body parts. It will give the endurance and high strength, and also control your weight.

2) Strength Training

This is a very essential workout for you if you want to Improve PCOS Symptoms without medication. This will give you the overall strength, allow you to achieve better fitness and attain high endurance.

3) Cycling

This is also the most preferable form of aerobic exercises through cycling. you can be able to achieve the high bone density, body flexibility and better stamina and endurance of the body.

 4) Interval Training

This includes high-intensity training like cardio workout, indoor and outdoor walk, spin classes and body weight circuit. It very effectively burns the extra fat of the body and makes you healthy.

 

So, these are your answers and some causes and facts & figures about PCOS. However, exercises and natural diet are always the best ways but if you want to fast up your cure process, then you can take furocyst Capsules. These capsules are made to control and mitigate the size of ovary cyst and to make your body back to the normal routine of the menstrual process.

 

 

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PCOD PCOS

6 Ways to Treat Your PCOS

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder characterized by the presence of multiple cysts in the ovaries, menstrual irregularities, elevated levels of the male hormone androgen, acne, weight gain, difficulty losing weight, insulin resistance, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and an increased risk of infertility and Type-2 diabetes. While symptoms may vary, all women diagnosed with PCOS have irregular menstruation or an absence of menstrual periods. Here the the 6 Ways to Treat Your PCOS.

Finding the right medical treatment can depend on the age of the woman diagnosed although, since PCOS is a hormonal disorder, hormone therapy is often needed to treat PCOS. With the risk of infertility, treating this in addition to alleviating symptoms is often a primary goal of those affected.

While PCOS is the most common disorder diagnosed in women, it is difficult to hear. This, however, does not need to dampen your outlook on life. Below are 6 Ways to Treat Your PCOS you can use to manage you symptoms and treat your PCOS.

Hormone Therapy

Hormone treatment can include the use of contraceptive pills and medications for blocking the activity of androgen. Birth control can help regulate your menstrual cycle and may be needed to prevent endometrial cancer caused by the absence of periods.

Other symptoms related to elevated levels of androgen such as male pattern balding and hirsutism (abnormal hair growth in places with little to no hair) can be managed with hormone therapy and medications including cyproterone acetate,finasteride or spironolactone.

Fertility Treatment

The fertility drug clomifene is used to stimulate ovulation and works by treating hormonal imbalances that disrupt normal ovulation. When treatment with clomifene fails to stimulate the ovaries, hormonal therapy with the gonadotrophin hormone is recommended for restoring normal ovulating. This may, however, cause multiple pregnancies.

Surgery

A more extreme method, infertility can also be treated with surgery. Laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) is a minor surgical procedure that is recommended when ovulation cannot be stimulated with non-invasive processes and drugs. In this surgical procedure, the tissues in the ovaries that secrete male hormones are destroyed by laser or heat.

This helps to correct the hormonal imbalance by reducing testosterone levels and boosting the follicle-stimulating hormone level. LOD does not cause multiple pregnancies, therefore, it is considered an effective alternative to gonadotropin therapy.

Diabetes Medications

A reduced sensitivity to insulin is a common symptom of PCOS and can create rampant hormonal imbalances. Metformin is a diabetes drug that can help manage this symptom and improve the possibility of ovulation. Usually, metformin is combined with the fertility drug clomifene.

Hair Removal Treatment

An often embarrassing side effect, PCOS patients with excess hair growth in places where hair does not normally grow can treat this symptom with eflornithine which slows down hair growth. It works by inhibiting the activities of an enzyme that stimulate hair growth. Hair depletion cream and other hair removal treatments are recommended for removing the excess hair from the face and body.

Restorative Supplements

After proper research, supplements can also be a great option. Consider adding Furocyst as a supplement to your healing journey. This product, extracted from the Fenugreek seed without using chemicals, is clinically proven safe and effective for managing PCOS and is shown to reduce the size of ovarian cysts and improve insulin sensitivity. For more information, visit our website www.furocyst.com

Call : +91 9915002390

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6 Ways to Treat Your PCOS

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PCOD PCOS

How to Cure PCOS Naturally??

PCOS or Polycystic ovaries Syndrome! Sound familiar? Have to be!

One in 10 women is suffering from this condition of hormonal imbalance. The side effects are multifold. It makes a woman’s life miserable with mood swings, irregular periods, spotting between periods, acne, hair fall, and depression. It can even lead to serious diseases like diabetes and cardiac problems.

So how to get rid of this? Can you believe that a condition, which robs the women of their happiness and peace of mind, has no sure cure?

So do those millions of women have no option but to live a wretched life?

The answer is a big NO. Every problem has some solution. So has PCOD. Strange it may sound but though there is no known treatment for PCOD and women are given insulin sensitizers and birth control pills to control PCOD, there are certain remedies to not just effectively manage PCOD but to uproot it too.

How to Cure PCOD Naturally?

A woman who is the fulcrum of not just her family but of the entire nation can’t be left to suffer. She needs holistic care to fight with this little known but ugly monster of PCOD.

How to Cure PCOD or PCOD Naturally? Here’s a list of remedies to cure PCOS:

  1. You are what you eat

Nutritional deficiencies have a large impact on the treatment of PCOD. So the first step has to be to eat right. Whole grain, veggies, fruits and low-fat dairy products strengthen your body to fight PCOD which gets aggravated with high glycemic diet. Fish oil is of immense benefit for the management of PCOD.

  1. Control Your Weight

Obesity is the mother of many illnesses. PCOD is not different. So bid goodbye to those extra kilos you have just being living with. By maintaining a healthy BMI, women can fight with the symptoms of PCOS while reducing the androgen level in the body, which curbs irregular periods and infertility. It is an absolute essential to do moderate exercise for 30-40 minutes per day to build up muscles and to boost your mood.

  1. Adopt a healthy lifestyle

The quality of our life is determined with the quality of our lifestyle. Are you a nocturnal creature? Do you enjoy the smoke rings from your cigarette and just love to lose your senses by giving in to social drinking? Stop!!! For a healthy life, you need to let go of all that’s bad for your health be it

Lack of sleep, smoking, drinking or stress. Stress is the underlying reason for binge eating thus leading to an unhealthy you. So nip it in the bud. Have a vent out plan/technique to cope with the stress effectively.

  1. Health Supplements

Furocyst, a well known health supplement has been clinically proven for management for PCOD and PCOS. A clinical study conducted on 50 women in the age group of 18-45 years showed significant results in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome with Furocyst. Furocyst improves insulin sensitivity and, in turn, regulates circulating androgen levels. It improves insulin-mediated glucose disposal in women with PCOS. Furocyst improved menstrual period in the study subjects and has a regulating effect of insulin on ovarian androgen biosynthesis, theca cell proliferation, and endometrial growth. It regulates ovarian androgen production leading to disappearance or decrease in size and number of cysts. Increase in LH (Luteinizing Hormone)/FSH (Follicle-Stimulating Hormone) ratio has been reported in various studies conducted on PCOD patients. Because of a decreased level of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) relative to LH (Luteinizing Hormone), the ovarian granulosa cells cannot aromatize the androgens to estrogens, which lead to decreased estrogen levels and consequent anovulation. In the present study, a significant decrease in LH/FSH ratio was observed, suggesting regulating the effect of Furocyst (Fenugreek extract).

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PCOS

Best way to get rid of PCOS using herbal remedies

In this blog we will discuss about best way to get rid of PCOS using herbal remedies, In India, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders affecting women. Reportedly, around 10 per cent of women in India are affected with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Women with PCOS have various symptoms which may be cosmetic, such as acne, facial hair and pigmentation, gynecological such as irregular periods, infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss, or endocrinological such as obesity, insulin resistance and diabetes. PCOS is not a disease but a syndrome of multiple symptoms and signs and every woman may not have all the possible symptoms.

There are many ingredients in our kitchen, which are effective in controlling PCOS.

Get rid of PCOS using herbal remedies

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Fenugreek

Fenugreek promotes glucose metabolism in the body and improves insulin resistance. This in turn helps balance hormones. It may also help to lower cholesterol, aid weight loss and functioning. One can also include fenugreek seeds and leaves in regular diet. A clinical study conducted on PCOS patients indicates that fenugreek seed extract (Furocyst) is effective and safe in the treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in women.

Furocyst is an innovative product (extracted and developed through a novel & innovative U.S. patented process) involving separations of active ingredients from the natural plant without affecting chemical properties of the active fractions. No chemicals are used. It is a natural and promising dietary supplement effective for management of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). It improves insulin sensitivity and, in turn, may regulate circulating androgen levels. It improves insulin-mediated glucose disposal in women with PCOS. Furocyst improved menstrual period in the study subjects and might be regulating effect of insulin on ovarian androgen biosynthesis, theca cell proliferation and endometrial growth. It might be regulating ovarian androgen production leading to disappearance or decrease in size and number of cysts. Increase in LH/FSH ratio has been reported in various studies conducted on PCOD patients. Because of a decreased level of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) relative to LH, the ovarian granulosa cells cannot aromatize the androgens to estrogens, which leads to decreased estrogen levels and consequent anovulation. In the present study a significant decrease in LH/FSH ratio was observed, suggesting regulating effect of Furocyst.

It improves insulin-mediated glucose disposal in women with PCOS. Furocyst improved menstrual period in the study subjects and might be regulating effect of insulin on ovarian androgen biosynthesis, theca cell proliferation and endometrial growth. It might be regulating ovarian androgen production leading to disappearance or decrease in size and number of

Flaxseed

Flaxseed can also be used to combat PCOS as it helps decrease androgen levels. Being high in fiber, flaxseed helps slow down glucose metabolism and lower cholesterol levels. The omega-3 fatty acids in this superfood also reduce inflammation, lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of chronic diseases like heart disease.

Spearmint Tea

Spearmint tea can also help deal with PCOS due to its anti-androgenic properties. Drinking spearmint tea regularly can help reduce hirsutism, or excess body hair, by reducing free and total testosterone levels and increasing luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Another natural way to fight back against PCOS weight gain is apple cider vinegar. This magical little liquid is known to help with weight loss, but it also helps keep your body from producing too much insulin. Less insulin means less testosterone.

Fish oil

This is one of those must-have supplements, but it’s especially important if one suffer from polycystic ovarian syndrome. Fish oil is full of omega-3 fatty acids so it’s great for heart. Women with PCOS are at a much increased risk of developing heart disease so this is a good precautionary measure. According to a study from the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, fish oil can also help balance androgen levels and reduce body fat and inflammation.

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PCOD PCOS

CO-EXISTENCE OF PCOS AND HYPOTHYROIDISM

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]THE CO-EXISTENCE OF DISEASES MEANS THE PRESENCE OF MULTIPLE DISEASES AT ONE TIME. In that way, the poly cystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and hypothyroidism co-exist. Generally it has been observed that long-term untreated hypothyroidism always generate PCOS in females due to the imbalance of hormones in thyroid gland.

HYPOTHYROIDISM is the condition when the thyroid gland is not producing sufficient thyroid hormone. Thyroid gland is an organ of the body located in the front lower part of the neck. Hormones produced by this gland i.e. triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), travel through the bloodstream and get circulated in every part of the body. Thus, thyroid gland affects every part of the body. In hypothyroidism, there occurs imbalance in the levels of hormones inside body which causes many auto-immune diseases too.

POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME (PCOS) is one such condition which is affected highly by the imbalance of hormones. Testosterone is one of those hormones. Increase in testosterone (male hormone) inside females causes the reproductive system to become infertile along with the development of multiple cysts in the ovaries. This worsens the condition of PCOS.

Thus, hypothyroidism gives rise to PCOS inside females. It has been seen that thyroid disorders and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are two of the most common endocrine disorders in the general population.

WHAT COULD BE THE REASON BEHIND DEVELOPMENT OF PCOS DUE TO HYPOTHYROIDISM?

One reason has been given that increase in testosterone levels causes PCOS in hypothyroid-affecting females.

Another reason is the rise in thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH). Rise in thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) in primary hypothyroidism leads to increased prolactin and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). Prolactin contributes toward polycystic ovarian syndrome by inhibiting ovulation as a result of the change in the ratio of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) and increased dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) from the adrenal gland. This causes PCOS in females suffering from hypothyroidism.

co-existance of PCOS

DIAGNOSIS Hypothyroidism

Blood test including:

 

  • TSH:
  • It measures how much T4 the thyroid is being asked to make. Abnormally high TSH levels may mean you have hypothyroidism.
  • T4 tests(Free T4, free T4 index, total T4): It assesses the amount of T4 your thyroid is producing.
  • Thyroid peroxidase antibody(anti-TPO) (TgAb): It checks for thyroid antibodies and to detect autoimmune thyroid conditions like Hashimoto’s disease.
  • T3 and ReverseT3 (rT3): It assesses the amount of T3 your thyroid is producing and its ability to convert T4 to T3.

PCOS

  • Ultrasound: To detect cyst in the ovaries.
  • Blood test including:
  • Hormone levels: Such as thyroid hormones, testosterone levels, etc.
  • Blood sugar: To check the common occurrence of insulin resistance in PCOS females.
  • Lipid levels (LDL, Total Cholesterol, HDL and Triglycerides)

PREVENTION AND TREATMENT

To prevent the occurrence of PCOS developed along with hypothyroidism, it is better to cure the hypothyroidism as soon as possible. Possible prevention and treatment strategies for hypothyroidism are:

  • Dietary modification
  • Making dietary changes is the first line of defense in treating hypothyroidism.
  • Carbohydrate: Reduce or eliminate caffeine and sugar, including refined carbohydrates like flour, which the body treats like sugar.
  • Protein: Protein transports thyroid hormone to all the tissues and consumption of protein at each meal can help normalize thyroid function. Proteins include nuts and nut butters; quinoa; hormone- and antibiotic-free animal products (organic,grass-fed meats, eggs, and sustainably-farmed fish); and legumes.
  • Glutathione: Glutathioneis a powerful antioxidant that strengthens the immune system and is one of the pillars of fighting Hashimoto’s. It can boost the body’s ability to modulate and regulate the immune system, dampen autoimmune flare-ups and protect and heal thyroid tissue.
  • Medication Hypothyroidism can be easily treated using thyroid hormone medicine. The most effective and reliable thyroid replacement hormone is man-made (synthetic). Symptoms of hypothyroidism start to improve within the first week after you start treatment.

  • Thyroid medicine levothyroxine is generally prescribed. Diets rich in soy and high fiber can interfere with levothyroxine absorption. Medications and supplements also can reduce absorption. These include calcium supplements, iron supplements, cholestyramine and aluminum hydroxide (present in some antacids).
  • Lifestyle modification to manage PCOS

  • Lifestyle modifications such as weight loss and increased exercise in combination with a change in diet consistently reduce the risk of diabetes. This approach has been found to be comparable to or better than treatment with medication and should therefore be considered first-line treatment in managing women with PCOS.
  • These modifications have been effective in restoring ovulatory cycles and achieving pregnancy in obese women with PCOS. Weight loss in obese women with PCOS also improves hyper-androgenic features.
  • Medication for PCOS

  • Medical management of PCOS is aimed at the treatment of metabolic derangements, anovulation, hirsutism, and menstrual irregularity.
  • The use of insulin-sensitizing drugs (metformin) to improve insulin sensitivity is associated with a reduction in blood glucose levels, as well as improvement in both the ovulation rate and glucose tolerance.

  • First-line medical therapy usually consists of an oral contraceptive to induce regular menses. The contraceptive not only inhibits ovarian androgen production but also increases sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) production.
  • Treatment for ovulation induction when fertility is desired is clomiphene citrate.
  • Other natural treatment strategies include consumption of food supplements such as fenugreek seed extractFurocyst®, which has been clinically proven to treat PCOS and its symptoms.

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CO-EXISTENCE OF PCOS AND HYPOTHYROIDISM

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STRUGGLING WITH JOINT PAIN IN PCOS

POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME is one of the most common diseases among women of childbearing age and cause of infertility. There are over 5 million affected women in the US and 105 million worldwide who are suffering from PCOS.

Another disease i.e. RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS is a chronic progressive disease causing inflammation in the joints. It has been found that PCOS also gives rise to this rheumatoid arthritis in women. Joint pain and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) generally develops in old age due to the weakening of immune system of the body. But it has been confirmed by scientific studies that women with PCOS having irregular menses or a truncated menstrual history (e.g., early menopause) have an increased risk of RA.

In reverse, the inflammation originated from rheumatoid arthritis worsens the condition of PCOS because somehow, the chronic low grade inflammation from RA has been linked to insulin resistance. If the insulin levels are higher than they should be, the ovaries start to produce too much testosterone, which makes PCOS even worse.

HOW PCOS AND RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS LINKED?

The immune system is influenced by signals from the female reproductive hormones. It seems that the levels of hormones, such as estrogen and testosterone, as well as changes in these levels can promote autoimmunity. “Autoimmunity” is a condition whereby the immune system (which normally wards off foreign invaders of the body, such as infections) turns and attacks the body’s own tissues, such as skin, joints, liver, lungs, etc. Autoimmune diseases typically feature inflammation of various tissues of the body.

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It is known that hormones play major role in the development of rheumatoid arthritis. It is also known that PCOS is that syndrome which involves the imbalance of the reproductive hormones. Disturbance in these hormones such as progesterone & estrogen, gives rise to rheumatoid arthritis.

SYMPTOMS OF RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

  • 3.jpgTender, warm, swollen joints
  • Joint stiffness that is usually worse in the mornings and after inactivity
  • Fatigue, fever and weight loss

Early rheumatoid arthritis tends to affect the smaller joints first – particularly the joints that attach fingers to the hands and toes to the feet.

As the disease progresses, symptoms often spread to the wrists, knees, ankles, elbows, hips and shoulders. In most cases, symptoms occur in the same joints on both sides of your body.

DIAGNOSIS

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  • Rheumatoid arthritis in PCOS can be difficult to diagnose in its early stages because the early signs and symptoms mimic those of many other diseases. There is no one blood test or physical finding to confirm the diagnosis.
  • Physical examination

During the physical exam, the doctor will check the joints for swelling, redness and warmth. Doctor may also check the reflexes and muscle strength.

  • Blood tests

People with rheumatoid arthritis often have an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR, or SED rate) or C-reactive protein (CRP), which may indicate the presence of an inflammatory process in the body. Other common blood tests look for rheumatoid factor and anti-CCP antibodies.

  • Imaging tests

Doctor may recommend X-rays to help track the progression of rheumatoid arthritis in the joints over time. MRI and ultrasound tests can help doctor judge the severity of the disease in body.

 

COMPLICATIONS OF RA

§  Lung disease

§  Heart problems

§  Nerve damage

§  Osteoporosis

§  Eye complications such as dry eye syndrome

PREVENTION AND TREATMENT

  • Meal planning5

There are many foods that can help to reduce inflammation originated from RA inside the body. Eating a wide variety of whole foods is the key to reduce inflammation. The plant-based foods rich in vitamins and nutrients that target inflammation include:

  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Beans
  • Nuts
  • Seeds
  • Whole grains
  • Turmeric

Some foods are extremely beneficial to reduce inflammation. Often, fruits and vegetables contain antioxidants, which combat inflammation. Antioxidants are found in very colorful foods, such as berries, and dark and leafy greens, and these help support the immune system. Turmeric Curcumin is also a great source to reduce inflammation.

Eating inflammatory foods should be avoided. Some of these foods include:

  • Deep-fried foods
  • Processed food
  • Red meat
  • Sugary drinks
  • Refined grains, such as those found in white bread
  • Exercise6

Being active is one of the best things you can do for yourself, even if you have rheumatoid arthritis. You just have to know how to work within your limits because too much exercising involving stress on the joints can be harmful.

Fitness as a regular part of the life provides many benefits for PCOS as well as RA patients such as:

  • Less pain fromrheumatoid arthritis.
  • Stronger bones. This is important because RA can thin your bones, especially if you take
  • You’ll move better and have more energy.
  • It’s good for yourheart and all your other muscles.
  • It helps to lose body weight in obese women
  • It helps to control diabetes

Exercises such as low-impact activities, like walking, swimming, bicycling, or using an elliptical machine could be beneficial to manage rheumatoid arthritis. Any of these will get the heart pumping.

Be careful about activities that put a lot of stress on a joint, or are “high-impact,” such as:

  • Jogging, especially on paved roads
  • Heavyweight lifting
  • Balancing hormones7

Maintaining normal levels of the reproductive hormones estrogen and progesterone appear to have a protective effect against both RA and PCOS. The medications given in following section can be effective at balancing hormones.

  • Medication8

Managing inflammation is a key component to living with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This chronic condition results in the immune system attacking the joints, causing inflammation and pain.

  • Medications used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis include NSAIDs, DMARDs, TNF α-inhibitors, IL-6 inhibitors, T-cell activation inhibitors, B-cell depleters, JAK inhibitors, immuno suppressants and steroids.
  • The contraceptive pill may be recommended to induce regular periods, or periods may be induced using an intermittent course of progestogen tablets (which are usually given every three to four months, but can be given monthly).
  • A medication called clomifene is usually the first treatment recommended for women with PCOS who are trying to get pregnant. Clomifene encourages the monthly release of an egg from the ovaries (ovulation).
  • Clinically proven herbal remedy for PCOS including fenugreek seeds extract (Furocyst) can also be prescribed due to its great effectiveness in the PCOS patients.

REFERENCES

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