PCOS and Hypothyroidism

Relation of PCOS and Hypothyroidism

Polycystic ovary syndrome and hypothyroidism are two of the most common diseases among middle-aged women. And the fact is that these both are co-related to each other. Hypothyroidism, an advanced stage of the thyroid is the hidden effect of PCOS. A study says that almost 25 percent of women in the world who are suffering from PCOS have the thyroid condition too, but due to the negligence and lack of knowledge, the disease goes undiagnosed.  

What is thyroid

It is very important to figure out the phenomenon of thyroid before discussing the relation between the two. The thyroid is simply a gland, which is placed on the base of your neck and functionalizes and controls the fastness and slowness of your metabolism. 

If you are suffering from an underactive thyroid, which is popularly pronounced as hypothyroidism, then simply you are dealing with a low rate of metabolism and this will cause high weight gain. It doesn’t matter whether you are on a diet, it will affect your body and it will disturb the process of sex hormones, which leads to infertility. The fact is that infertility and weight gain are also the main symptoms of PCOS. That is why women think all these things are happing because of PCOS and it goes undiagnosed. 

Polycystic ovary syndrome

Dysfunction and imbalance of reproductive hormones are the biggest reasons for PCOS and it is one of the common diseases among the childbearing women. A study says that around 10 to 12 percent of women are suffering from PCOS around the globe. So, do not think that you are the only one.

What are the problems of PCOS?

1) Type 2 diabetes 

2) High cholesterol and blood pressure 

3) Mood swings and depression

4)Sleep apnea 

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism 

1) Hair loss 

2) The slow rate of metabolism 

3) Stress and depression 

4) Muscles weakness and fatigue 

5) The low temperature of the body 

6) Dryness in skin and hair

7) Coldness in feet and hand 

Causes of hypothyroidism 

There are a number of reasons which are responsible for this disease such as, in the United States, a disease called Hashimoto thyroiditis is one of the most specified cause for Hypothyroidism.  

A person who is suffering from Hashimoto’s disease, his/her antibodies attacks the cells of thyroid glands and makes them incapable to function properly. 

1) Post-surgical hypothyroidism 

It refers to the insufficient hormone of the thyroid gland because of the removal of the thyroid part. It is also known as the thyroidectomy.

2) Radiation-induced hypothyroidism 

This occurs because of the Radioactive iodine therapy (RAI) which is being used to treat the thyroid cancer or advanced stage of the thyroid. It happens because of the exposure of head and neck with the radiation treatment.

3) Certain medicines can also be the reason of this disease such as: 

1) Lithium

2) Amiodarone

3) Interferon alpha

4) Interleukin-2


So, these are various aspects of PCOS and Hypothyroidism and their causes and symptoms. However, you can control this disease with a natural diet and exercises. But if you want some extra aid, then you can take capsules from Furocyst. These capsules can manage all PCOS/PCOD  Symptoms and can be taken in the normal daily routine to provide relief.




[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]THE CO-EXISTENCE OF DISEASES MEANS THE PRESENCE OF MULTIPLE DISEASES AT ONE TIME. In that way, the poly cystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and hypothyroidism co-exist. Generally it has been observed that long-term untreated hypothyroidism always generate PCOS in females due to the imbalance of hormones in thyroid gland.

HYPOTHYROIDISM is the condition when the thyroid gland is not producing sufficient thyroid hormone. Thyroid gland is an organ of the body located in the front lower part of the neck. Hormones produced by this gland i.e. triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), travel through the bloodstream and get circulated in every part of the body. Thus, thyroid gland affects every part of the body. In hypothyroidism, there occurs imbalance in the levels of hormones inside body which causes many auto-immune diseases too.

POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME (PCOS) is one such condition which is affected highly by the imbalance of hormones. Testosterone is one of those hormones. Increase in testosterone (male hormone) inside females causes the reproductive system to become infertile along with the development of multiple cysts in the ovaries. This worsens the condition of PCOS.

Thus, hypothyroidism gives rise to PCOS inside females. It has been seen that thyroid disorders and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are two of the most common endocrine disorders in the general population.


One reason has been given that increase in testosterone levels causes PCOS in hypothyroid-affecting females.

Another reason is the rise in thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH). Rise in thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) in primary hypothyroidism leads to increased prolactin and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). Prolactin contributes toward polycystic ovarian syndrome by inhibiting ovulation as a result of the change in the ratio of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) and increased dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) from the adrenal gland. This causes PCOS in females suffering from hypothyroidism.

co-existance of PCOS

DIAGNOSIS Hypothyroidism

Blood test including:


  • TSH:
  • It measures how much T4 the thyroid is being asked to make. Abnormally high TSH levels may mean you have hypothyroidism.
  • T4 tests(Free T4, free T4 index, total T4): It assesses the amount of T4 your thyroid is producing.
  • Thyroid peroxidase antibody(anti-TPO) (TgAb): It checks for thyroid antibodies and to detect autoimmune thyroid conditions like Hashimoto’s disease.
  • T3 and ReverseT3 (rT3): It assesses the amount of T3 your thyroid is producing and its ability to convert T4 to T3.


  • Ultrasound: To detect cyst in the ovaries.
  • Blood test including:
  • Hormone levels: Such as thyroid hormones, testosterone levels, etc.
  • Blood sugar: To check the common occurrence of insulin resistance in PCOS females.
  • Lipid levels (LDL, Total Cholesterol, HDL and Triglycerides)


To prevent the occurrence of PCOS developed along with hypothyroidism, it is better to cure the hypothyroidism as soon as possible. Possible prevention and treatment strategies for hypothyroidism are:

  • Dietary modification
  • Making dietary changes is the first line of defense in treating hypothyroidism.
  • Carbohydrate: Reduce or eliminate caffeine and sugar, including refined carbohydrates like flour, which the body treats like sugar.
  • Protein: Protein transports thyroid hormone to all the tissues and consumption of protein at each meal can help normalize thyroid function. Proteins include nuts and nut butters; quinoa; hormone- and antibiotic-free animal products (organic,grass-fed meats, eggs, and sustainably-farmed fish); and legumes.
  • Glutathione: Glutathioneis a powerful antioxidant that strengthens the immune system and is one of the pillars of fighting Hashimoto’s. It can boost the body’s ability to modulate and regulate the immune system, dampen autoimmune flare-ups and protect and heal thyroid tissue.
  • Medication Hypothyroidism can be easily treated using thyroid hormone medicine. The most effective and reliable thyroid replacement hormone is man-made (synthetic). Symptoms of hypothyroidism start to improve within the first week after you start treatment.

  • Thyroid medicine levothyroxine is generally prescribed. Diets rich in soy and high fiber can interfere with levothyroxine absorption. Medications and supplements also can reduce absorption. These include calcium supplements, iron supplements, cholestyramine and aluminum hydroxide (present in some antacids).
  • Lifestyle modification to manage PCOS

  • Lifestyle modifications such as weight loss and increased exercise in combination with a change in diet consistently reduce the risk of diabetes. This approach has been found to be comparable to or better than treatment with medication and should therefore be considered first-line treatment in managing women with PCOS.
  • These modifications have been effective in restoring ovulatory cycles and achieving pregnancy in obese women with PCOS. Weight loss in obese women with PCOS also improves hyper-androgenic features.
  • Medication for PCOS

  • Medical management of PCOS is aimed at the treatment of metabolic derangements, anovulation, hirsutism, and menstrual irregularity.
  • The use of insulin-sensitizing drugs (metformin) to improve insulin sensitivity is associated with a reduction in blood glucose levels, as well as improvement in both the ovulation rate and glucose tolerance.

  • First-line medical therapy usually consists of an oral contraceptive to induce regular menses. The contraceptive not only inhibits ovarian androgen production but also increases sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) production.
  • Treatment for ovulation induction when fertility is desired is clomiphene citrate.
  • Other natural treatment strategies include consumption of food supplements such as fenugreek seed extractFurocyst®, which has been clinically proven to treat PCOS and its symptoms.

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