Prostate Enlargement

What is the cause of Enlarged Prostate

What is the cause of an Enlarged Prostate?

The prostate gland is the gland, which is responsible for male fertility and is an integral part of the male reproductive system.  It is located between the bladder and penis just in front of the rectum. It is responsible for the nourishment and transportation of the sperms by secreting semen. As the size of prostate increases with age, urethra gets squeezed, leading to difficulty in urination. Prevalence of prostate related disorders is increasing day by day.

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among males. It is treatable if diagnosed at an – early stage. Prostate cancer grows very slowly and has no symptoms in its early stages. Symptoms appear after some time & these could be:

  • Frequent urination: Increased size of prostate suppresses the urethra, which leads to improper urinary flow, leading to retention of urine in the bladder.
  • Enlarged prostate also leads to painful urination.
  • Reduced ejaculation: Production of semen is reduced in prostate cancer, leading to reduced ejaculation.
  • Erectile dysfunction: Severe cases of prostate cancer can also suffer from erectile dysfunctions.
  • Advanced prostate cancer can also cause pain in bones,  commonly in spine, femur, pelvis, and ribs.

Cause of Enlarged Prostate

Prostate cancer treatment: Nowadays, various methods are applied to prostate cancer treatment.

  • Watchful monitoring: Prostate cancer spreads slowly. It does not show early symptoms. A person should regularly visit the physician for the medical checkups regarding enlarged prostate, specifically after the age of 40 years.
  • Radical Prostatectomy: Radical Prostatectomy is the surgical removal of the prostate It is the fastest method of prostate cancer treatment.
  • Brachytherapy: In this, radioactive ovule is implanted in the prostate. This treatment is based on targeted radiation therapy.
  • Intensity-modulated radiation therapy: In this therapy, the beams of different intensities are applied to the growth in the prostate. The subject receives the radiation in combination with the hormone therapy for 4 to 6 months. The treatment plan depends upon the individual cases and the severity of cancer.
  • Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT): It is also known as androgen suppression therapy. Androgen is male hormones that can stimulate cancer cells. ADT is a treatment which reduces the effects of androgens.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH): Enlargement of the prostate is the second leading prostate complication in aged males. It is also called as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It is not the form of prostate cancer, but a normal part of the aging process. The cells in the prostate gland start multiplying leading to increase in its size.

Symptoms of an enlarged prostate

The symptoms and cause of Enlarged Prostate are:

  • Frequent urge to urinate: The increased size of prostate presses the urethra, which makes discomfort for a person to urinate.
  • Leaking of urine: Enlargement of the prostate gland does not allow the urethra to open properly during urination. Due to which small amount of urine resides in urethra, which leads to leakage of urine
  • Blood in urine: Blockage of urination sometimes damage the blood vessels and lead to blood in the urine.
  • Difficulty in maintaining an erection

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) causes: These are the cause of Enlarged Prostate (BPH) Benign prostatic hyperplasia:

  • Age is the most common factor for prostate complications.
  • Family history: If you have any family history of prostate complications, you should consult the doctor for the further prevention steps or regular checkups for prostate complications. 10-20% cases of prostate complications are due to inherited mutations.
  • Hormone: A metabolite of testosterone named as dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is a crucial mediator of prostatic growth. DHT is synthesized in the prostate gland from the circulating testosterone by the enzyme 5-alpha-reductase. DHT sticks to the androgen receptors and triggers a release of growth factors which are mitogenic to epithelial cells, initiating multiplication of cells ultimately leading to an enlarged prostate.


Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) treatment:

There are several approaches to the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

  • Prostatectomy is a very common surgical operation. In this operation, an inner portion of the prostate is surgically removed.
  • Catheterization: Patient suffering from BPH find difficulty in urination. Catheterization is a technique applied to such patients. It is used to relieve urinary bladder in case of urinary retention.


Medication used in BPH treatment

  • 5-alpha reductase inhibitors: Physicians prescribe the 5alpha-reductase inhibitors to relieve patients of  BPH symptoms and to improve the urinary flow by reducing the size of an enlarged prostate.
  • Alpha-adrenergic blocker: These drugs relax the smooth muscle of the prostate gland, increase urinary flow and decrease the frequency of urination.

The prostate gland is an integral part of our body as well as the reproductive system. Prostate complications are increased as we age. Regular health checkup, proper exercise, and a better diet plan can save you from prostate complications.


Home remedies for irregular periods


Irregular menstruation is a common problem among young women.

Below picture from Sofy club explains about different types of menstrual irregularities



There could be many reasons for irregular periods. Hormonal imbalance to unbalanced diet, stress or lack of sleep, any of these can be the culprits. One such condition is Poly cystic Ovary Disease (PCOD). The hormone imbalances of PCOD can interfere with monthly ovulation, causing missed menstrual periods and leading to infertility. Because PCOD involves insulin resistance, women with PCOD have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. So don’t ignore “Irregular periods” and get yourself tested for PCOD. If you have PCOD, then adopt a healthy lifestyle; exercise, have a balanced diet and take nutraceuticals to combat PCOD naturally. Furocyst, an effective nutraceuticals has proven efficacy for treating PCOD/PCOS.

For other reasons of irregular menstrual cycle, try the following home remedies for irregular periods:

  1. Hog on fruits and veggies: Fruits and veggies provide you the essential nutrients to regulated menses.
  2. Fennel seeds: Soak two teaspoons of fennel seeds in a glass of water overnight. Strain the water next morning and drink it. It is an effective remedy for irregular periods.
  3. Papaya: Simple and best remedy to get rid of this problem
  4. Ginger –honey: Some raw ginger with honey provides a calming effect on the problem of irregular menses.
  5. Avoid aerated drinks, alcohol and other caffeinated beverages. They interfere with the normal functioning of the body.
  6. Coriander seeds: Boil a teaspoon of coriander seeds in two cups of water till it is reduced to one cup. Drink it thrice a day to ensure regular menstrual cycle.

Best way to get rid of PCOS using herbal remedies

In this blog we will discuss about best way to get rid of PCOS using herbal remedies, In India, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders affecting women. Reportedly, around 10 per cent of women in India are affected with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Women with PCOS have various symptoms which may be cosmetic, such as acne, facial hair and pigmentation, gynecological such as irregular periods, infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss, or endocrinological such as obesity, insulin resistance and diabetes. PCOS is not a disease but a syndrome of multiple symptoms and signs and every woman may not have all the possible symptoms.

There are many ingredients in our kitchen, which are effective in controlling PCOS.

Get rid of PCOS using herbal remedies



Fenugreek promotes glucose metabolism in the body and improves insulin resistance. This in turn helps balance hormones. It may also help to lower cholesterol, aid weight loss and functioning. One can also include fenugreek seeds and leaves in regular diet. A clinical study conducted on PCOS patients indicates that fenugreek seed extract (Furocyst) is effective and safe in the treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in women.

Furocyst is an innovative product (extracted and developed through a novel & innovative U.S. patented process) involving separations of active ingredients from the natural plant without affecting chemical properties of the active fractions. No chemicals are used. It is a natural and promising dietary supplement effective for management of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). It improves insulin sensitivity and, in turn, may regulate circulating androgen levels. It improves insulin-mediated glucose disposal in women with PCOS. Furocyst improved menstrual period in the study subjects and might be regulating effect of insulin on ovarian androgen biosynthesis, theca cell proliferation and endometrial growth. It might be regulating ovarian androgen production leading to disappearance or decrease in size and number of cysts. Increase in LH/FSH ratio has been reported in various studies conducted on PCOD patients. Because of a decreased level of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) relative to LH, the ovarian granulosa cells cannot aromatize the androgens to estrogens, which leads to decreased estrogen levels and consequent anovulation. In the present study a significant decrease in LH/FSH ratio was observed, suggesting regulating effect of Furocyst.

It improves insulin-mediated glucose disposal in women with PCOS. Furocyst improved menstrual period in the study subjects and might be regulating effect of insulin on ovarian androgen biosynthesis, theca cell proliferation and endometrial growth. It might be regulating ovarian androgen production leading to disappearance or decrease in size and number of


Flaxseed can also be used to combat PCOS as it helps decrease androgen levels. Being high in fiber, flaxseed helps slow down glucose metabolism and lower cholesterol levels. The omega-3 fatty acids in this superfood also reduce inflammation, lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of chronic diseases like heart disease.

Spearmint Tea

Spearmint tea can also help deal with PCOS due to its anti-androgenic properties. Drinking spearmint tea regularly can help reduce hirsutism, or excess body hair, by reducing free and total testosterone levels and increasing luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Another natural way to fight back against PCOS weight gain is apple cider vinegar. This magical little liquid is known to help with weight loss, but it also helps keep your body from producing too much insulin. Less insulin means less testosterone.

Fish oil

This is one of those must-have supplements, but it’s especially important if one suffer from polycystic ovarian syndrome. Fish oil is full of omega-3 fatty acids so it’s great for heart. Women with PCOS are at a much increased risk of developing heart disease so this is a good precautionary measure. According to a study from the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, fish oil can also help balance androgen levels and reduce body fat and inflammation.


PCOS and the Benefits of Yoga


If you have ever opened a magazine, turned on the television or stepped into a studio, you have probably seen pretzel-like women clad in body-hugging yoga pants performing poses that appear to defy human physiology. You have probably stared with both envy and admiration while silently cursing your PCOS body.

Fear not because we will be discussing why PCOS and yoga are the perfect combination and how you can get started anytime, anywhere from the comfort of your own home to a professional studio.

Whether you have been diagnosed with PCOS two months or twenty years ago, yoga is one of the most beneficial and complete forms of exercise that focuses on the mind, body, and spirit with added muscle and cardio building benefits.

Why Yoga and PCOS are the Perfect Marriage

Like Saturdays and sleeping in, yoga and PCOS were simply meant to be together.

The philosophy of yoga describes certain poses that stimulate energy systems within the body that may be lacking in women with PCOS. Such poses can help bring the body into balance. A 2012 study found that twelve weeks of a one hour a day holistic yoga program in adolescents with PCOS was significantly more beneficial than a conventional physical exercise program. The yoga program reduced anxiety symptoms, mFG scores for hirsutism, improved menstrual frequency, glucose, lipid and insulin values in addition to insulin resistance values.

Certain weight-bearing poses help build muscle which helps burn fat and combat insulin resistance – a critical component of PCOS management. More active yoga can also increase heart rate, providing a cardiovascular workout which promotes heart health and weight loss.


Beyond the Body

The Sanskrit root of the word yoga is yuj which means “to join” and is often defined as “to unite.”

Contrary to mindlessly running on a treadmill or pedaling a bicycle, yoga unites the body, mind, breath and spirit, increasing awareness and teaching the individual to become more accepting of capabilities and limitations which promotes confidence and self-care, habits that are great for longevity. Even the simple act of breathing intentionally through a physically demanding pose can teach people how to manage stress in everyday situations by breathing. In turn, a person can manage physiological responses to stress which further promotes more balanced hormones.

We won’t be touching on the spiritual side of yoga much in this post much but it’s worth mentioning that yoga teaches its participants to let go of everything outside the room and to center yourself and turn inward in a positive way.

Getting Started

In today’s modern world, there are a number of ways to get started doing yoga. We recommend finding a professional class with a certified instructor who is experienced and will take the time to teach you proper form and modify your poses based on your level of experience and fitness. There are many small studios that are less intimidating than a gym setting however, if you’re more comfortable getting started at home, there are many options for you as well.

Books, magazines, DVDs and YouTube videos are widely available for you to practice yoga safely at home. There is even a wealth of popular and useful yoga apps available for iOS and Android. If you find classes prohibitively expensive, a free or cheap app is a great alternative that can help get you started.

Figure 1 Source:

The most popular are Yoga Studio, Pocket Yoga and Daily Yoga.

In the meantime, build your confidence and health with yoga and explore various types until you find the one you enjoy the most. There more than we can list here but the most common type is Hatha yoga among others like Vinyasa and Bikram or hot yoga.

We also recommend taking a high quality supplement. Furocyst, for example, is extracted from the Fenugreek seed without using chemicals and is rising in popularity as a beneficial supplement. Clinically proven safe and effective for managing PCOS, Furocyst is shown to reduce the size of ovarian cysts and improve insulin sensitivity. For more information, visit

The statement and product mentioned in this article have not been evaluated by the FDA to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.


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