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PCOD PCOS

Does PCOS affect Pregnancy ??

Women with PCOS are at higher risk for certain problems or complications during pregnancy.The main question is how does PCOS affect pregnancy?

In addition, infants born to mothers with PCOS are at higher risk of spending time in the neonatal intensive care unit or dying before, during, or right after birth. Complications of pregnancy associated with PCOS, such as preeclampsia, could be a reason for these risks. Also, conditions common to PCOS like metabolic syndrome and increased androgens may increase the risks affecting infants. Now, how actual PCOS affect Pregnancy?

Pregnancy complications related to PCOS include:

  • Miscarriage or early loss of pregnancy –

Women with PCOS are three times as likely to miscarry in the early months of pregnancy as are women without PCOS. Some research shows that metformin may reduce the risk of miscarriage in pregnant women with PCOS. However, other studies have not confirmed that metformin reduces miscarriage risk, so more research needs to be done.

  • Gestational diabetes –

This is a type of diabetes that only pregnant women get. It is treatable and, if controlled, does not cause significant problems for the mother or fetus. In most cases, the condition goes away after the baby is born. Babies whose mothers have gestational diabetes can be very large (resulting in the need for cesarean, or C-section [surgical], delivery), have low blood sugar, and have trouble breathing. Women with gestational diabetes, as well as their children, are at higher risk for type 2 diabetes later in life.

  • Preeclampsia –

Preeclampsia, a sudden increase in blood pressure after the 20th week of pregnancy, can affect the mother’s kidneys, liver, and brain. If left untreated, preeclampsia can turn into eclampsia. Eclampsia can cause organ damage, seizures, and even death. Currently, the primary treatment for the condition is to deliver the baby, even preterm if necessary. Pregnant women with preeclampsia may require a C-section delivery, which can carry additional risks for both mother and baby.

  • Pregnancy-induced high blood pressure –

This condition is due to an increase in blood pressure that may occur in the second half of pregnancy. If not treated, it can lead to preeclampsia. This type of high blood pressure can also affect delivery of the baby.

  • Preterm birth –

Infants are considered “preterm” if they are delivered before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Preterm infants are at risk for many health problems, both right after birth and later in life, and some of these problems can be serious.

  • Cesarean or C-section delivery –

Pregnant women with PCOS are more likely to have C-sections because of the pregnancy complications associated with PCOS, such as pregnancy-induced high blood pressure. Because C-section delivery is a surgical procedure, recovery can take longer than recovery from vaginal birth and can carry risks for both the mother and infant.

Researchers are studying whether treatment with insulin-sensitizing drugs such as metformin can prevent or reduce the risk of pregnancy problems in women with PCOS.

If you have PCOS and get pregnant, work with your health care provider to promote a healthy pregnancy and delivery.

Does PCOS affect Pregnancy ??

Sources:

  1. Ehrmann. D. A. (2005). Polycystic ovary syndrome.New England Journal of Medicine, 352, 1223–1236.
  2. Boomsma, C. M., Fauser, B. C., & Macklon, N. S. (2008). Pregnancy complications in women with polycystic ovary syndrome.Seminars in Reproductive Medicine 26, 72−84.
  3. Jakubowicz, D .J., Iuorno, M. J., Jakubowicz, S., Roberts, K. A., & Nestler, J. E. (2002). Effects of metformin on early pregnancy loss in the polycystic ovary syndrome.Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 87, 524–529.
  4. Morin-Papunen, L., Rantala, A.S., Unkila-Kallio, L., Tiitinen, A., Hippelainen, M., Perheentupa, A., et al. (2012). Metformin improves pregnancy and live-birth rates in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): A multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial.Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 97, 1492-1500.
  5. ACOG. (2011a).High blood pressure during pregnancy. Washington, DC. Retrieved December 22, 2011, from here (PDF – 202 KB)
  6. Schildkraut, J. M., Schwingl, P. J., Bastos, E., Evanoff, A., & Hughes, C. (1996). Epithelial ovarian cancer risk among women with polycystic ovary syndrome.Obstetrics and Gynecology, 88, 554–559.
  7. Begum, M. R., Khanam, N. N., Quadir, E., Ferdous, J., Begum, M.S., Khan, F., et al. (2009). Prevention of gestational diabetes mellitus by continuing metformin therapy throughout pregnancy in women with polycystic ovary syndrome.Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, 35, 282–286.
  8. Vanky, E., Stridsklev, S., Heimstad, R., Romundstad, P., Skogøy, K., Kleggetveit, O., et al. (2010). Metformin versus placebo from first trimester to delivery in polycystic ovary syndrome: A randomized, controlled multicenter study.Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 95, E448–E455.

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Does PCOS affect Pregnancy ??

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PCOS

Best way to get rid of PCOS using herbal remedies

In this blog we will discuss about best way to get rid of PCOS using herbal remedies, In India, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders affecting women. Reportedly, around 10 per cent of women in India are affected with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Women with PCOS have various symptoms which may be cosmetic, such as acne, facial hair and pigmentation, gynecological such as irregular periods, infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss, or endocrinological such as obesity, insulin resistance and diabetes. PCOS is not a disease but a syndrome of multiple symptoms and signs and every woman may not have all the possible symptoms.

There are many ingredients in our kitchen, which are effective in controlling PCOS.

Get rid of PCOS using herbal remedies

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Fenugreek

Fenugreek promotes glucose metabolism in the body and improves insulin resistance. This in turn helps balance hormones. It may also help to lower cholesterol, aid weight loss and functioning. One can also include fenugreek seeds and leaves in regular diet. A clinical study conducted on PCOS patients indicates that fenugreek seed extract (Furocyst) is effective and safe in the treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in women.

Furocyst is an innovative product (extracted and developed through a novel & innovative U.S. patented process) involving separations of active ingredients from the natural plant without affecting chemical properties of the active fractions. No chemicals are used. It is a natural and promising dietary supplement effective for management of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). It improves insulin sensitivity and, in turn, may regulate circulating androgen levels. It improves insulin-mediated glucose disposal in women with PCOS. Furocyst improved menstrual period in the study subjects and might be regulating effect of insulin on ovarian androgen biosynthesis, theca cell proliferation and endometrial growth. It might be regulating ovarian androgen production leading to disappearance or decrease in size and number of cysts. Increase in LH/FSH ratio has been reported in various studies conducted on PCOD patients. Because of a decreased level of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) relative to LH, the ovarian granulosa cells cannot aromatize the androgens to estrogens, which leads to decreased estrogen levels and consequent anovulation. In the present study a significant decrease in LH/FSH ratio was observed, suggesting regulating effect of Furocyst.

It improves insulin-mediated glucose disposal in women with PCOS. Furocyst improved menstrual period in the study subjects and might be regulating effect of insulin on ovarian androgen biosynthesis, theca cell proliferation and endometrial growth. It might be regulating ovarian androgen production leading to disappearance or decrease in size and number of

Flaxseed

Flaxseed can also be used to combat PCOS as it helps decrease androgen levels. Being high in fiber, flaxseed helps slow down glucose metabolism and lower cholesterol levels. The omega-3 fatty acids in this superfood also reduce inflammation, lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of chronic diseases like heart disease.

Spearmint Tea

Spearmint tea can also help deal with PCOS due to its anti-androgenic properties. Drinking spearmint tea regularly can help reduce hirsutism, or excess body hair, by reducing free and total testosterone levels and increasing luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Another natural way to fight back against PCOS weight gain is apple cider vinegar. This magical little liquid is known to help with weight loss, but it also helps keep your body from producing too much insulin. Less insulin means less testosterone.

Fish oil

This is one of those must-have supplements, but it’s especially important if one suffer from polycystic ovarian syndrome. Fish oil is full of omega-3 fatty acids so it’s great for heart. Women with PCOS are at a much increased risk of developing heart disease so this is a good precautionary measure. According to a study from the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, fish oil can also help balance androgen levels and reduce body fat and inflammation.

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